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São Luís


Brazil

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For more information about our work with São Luís, please contact the focal point, Lara Caccia

São Luís is the capital of the state of Maranhão, in the northeast of Brazil. The city was founded in 1612 and is located on Upaon-Açu Island (a name given by the Tupinambás Indians, meaning “big island”), in the South Atlantic, between São Marcos and São José de Ribamar bays. Bringing together natural and cultural resources, the municipality received the title of a UNESCO World Heritage site. São Luís has over 1,094,000 residents, distributed over an area of 834,785 km². The city has a very peculiar geographic location, inserted in the “Matas dos Cocais” next to three biomes. In the west, there are 2,000 km of Amazon forest, while to the south is the Cerrado biome and in the east the Caatinga.

INNER FORESTS

São Luis has a large forest cover: over half of the total area of ​​the municipality. For the management, maintenance and engagement of the population with the green areas, the city works to preserve its municipal conservation units, among which are: Bom Menino Sportive and Recreational Park (​​49,242 m²); Itaqui/Bacanga Environmental and Recreational Park (3,000 m²); Jaguarema River ARIE (Area of ​​Relevant Ecological Interest), with 45 hectares; and the Quinta do Diamante ARIE (​​30,366 m²).

The city also promotes and maintains restoration in squares and parks. Two municipal programs aim to expand the vegetation coverage: Squares Revitalization Program, which looks to  recover urban landscaping through the reform and construction of public squares, and the São Luis City Garden Program, which looks to landscape public spaces in the capital through integrated actions involving 12 municipal secretaries and foundations of the municipal administration.

NEARBY FORESTS

Nearby forests play an important role in the region’s ecosystem and provide inputs for maintenance, welfare and social and economic development. The Bacanga River Basin is responsible for the water supply of the city and therefore of fundamental importance for the city and its population. To protect this vital resource, the city has launched the Bacanga Basin Environmental Recovery and Quality of Life Improvement Program. The program has two main aspects: the technical training of the population and the control over the environmental impacts of economic development in the watershed. The control involves the monitoring of the water quality in Bacanga Lake Environmental Monitoring and Control Plan.Regarding the technical training, there are courses of boiler-making, torch and welding, aiming at the training of new professionals to meet the industrial demands of the region.

FARAWAY FORESTS

São Luis is inserted in the Amazon biome, but is also close to the Cerrado, since the state of Maranhão is divided between the two biomes. In this sense, both biomes are present in the distant forests close to the city, which enjoys the benefits of both ecosystems.

Note: The information provided above was developed by the WRI Brasil team based on information available on the city’s official websites and may change.

Capital do Estado do Maranhão, São Luís foi fundada em 8 de setembro de 1612. Localiza-se na ilha Upaon-Açu (denominação dada pelos índios tupinambás significando “Ilha Grande”), no Atlântico Sul, entre as baías de São Marcos e São José de Ribamar. Alinhando riquezas naturais e riquezas culturais, o município recebeu o título da UNESCO de Patrimônio da Humanidade. Trata-se da principal cidade da Região Metropolitana Grande São Luís e possui mais que 1.094.000 habitantes, distribuídos em uma área de 834,785 km², localizada na região Nordeste do Brasil a 2° ao Sul do Equador, estando a 24 metros acima do nível do mar. São Luis possui uma localização biogeográfica muito peculiar, inserida na chamada Matas dos Cocais. A oeste de São Luis estendem-se por 2.000 km a Floresta Amazônica, enquanto ao Sul o Cerrado e Leste a Caatinga.

FLORESTAS INTERNAS

São Luis has a large forest cover: over half of the total area of ​​the municipality. For the management, maintenance and engagement of the population with the green areas, the city works to preserve its municipal conservation units, among which are: Bom Menino Sportive and Recreational Park (​​49,242 m²); Itaqui/Bacanga Environmental and Recreational Park (3,000 m²); Jaguarema River ARIE (Area of ​​Relevant Ecological Interest), with 45 hectares; and the Quinta do Diamante ARIE (​​30,366 m²).

The city also promotes and maintains restoration in squares and parks. Two municipal programs aim to expand the vegetation coverage: Squares Revitalization Program, which looks to  recover urban landscaping through the reform and construction of public squares, and the São Luis City Garden Program, which looks to landscape public spaces in the capital through integrated actions involving 12 municipal secretaries and foundations of the municipal administration.

FLORESTAS PRÓXIMAS

As florestas próximas representam importante papel no ecossistema da região, além de fornecer insumos para a manutenção, o bem-estar e o desenvolvimento social e econômico da capital São Luis. A Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Bacanga, responsável pelo abastecimento do município, concentra uma ampla área que abrange o eixo Itaqui-Bacanga. Nesse sentido, levando em consideração a importância da bacia para a capital, fora recentemente lançado pela Prefeitura o Programa de Recuperação Ambiental e Melhoria da Qualidade de Vida da Bacia do Bacanga. O programa possui duas principais vertentes, a capacitação técnica da população do eixo, e o controle sobre os impactos ambientais do desenvolvimento econômico na bacia hidrográfica, que se dá atualmente pelo monitoramento da qualidade da água do Lago do Bacanga e pela elaboração do Plano de Monitoramento e Controle Ambiental. Já no que diz respeito à capacitação técnica, em parceria com o Senai, são oferecidos os cursos de Caldeiraria, Maçarico e Soldagem, visando a capacitação de jovens às demandas de emprego e industriais da região.

FLORESTAS DISTANTES

No que abrange as florestas distantes, São Luis está inserida no bioma Amazônia, porém a proximidade com o bioma Cerrado é muito grande, já que o estado do Maranhão é dividido entre os dois biomas. Nesse sentido, ambos os biomas compõem as florestas distantes que se relacionam com a capital maranhense, usufruindo dos benefícios de ambos ecossistemas.

Nota: O conteúdo acima foi desenvolvido pelo WRI Brasil com base em informações disponíveis nos sites oficiais da prefeitura e podem sofrer alterações.

To apply for this job email your details to gary@revolve.media