Forest-based solutions for enhancing quality of life in cities
In fewer than 100 years, the world and its population will have transformed from predominantly rural to being predominantly urbanised, a transformation that has led to significant innovation and progress. Back in 1960, the urban population was only 30 percent but by 2050 it is expected to reach 70 percent, a complete reversal of the urban/rural dynamic.
Today, cities are the engines of growth around the world and according to the World Bank account for more than 80 percent of global GDP. Broadly speaking, urbanisation has not been managed sustainably and has resulted in negative impacts on public health, social equality, and is threatening the future liveability of cities. To enhance the liveability of their cities, city leaders must balance urban expansion and economic progress with social and environmental protection. Nature-based solutions – such as trees, forests and green areas – are increasingly being recognised as key for balancing social, economic and environmental development by delivering ecosystem services that are critical to sustainable urban development.