Zoning (or development control regulation) is a tool that can be used to enact ordinances used to define and delineate development and land-use.67, 70

Zoning scheme of city of Skopje, North Macedonia. Different colors represent designated zoning regulations.

Cities may use zoning to create, expand, or maintain urban forests. For example, zoning may provide a mechanism to:

  • Mandate the amount of open space in a city, leaving room for trees to grow
  • Designate protected or sensitive areas such as riparian buffer strips or steep slopes
  • Regulate patterns of development in a way that leaves room for urban forests
  • Provide tree planting requirements for new projects